According to the industry experts, orthopedic surgery is termed to be an area of medicine which is associated with musculoskeletal system. The name might mean to involve only surgical procedures. The physicians are found to work towards rectifying orthopedic issues by using both non-surgical and surgical means. The specialists also are known to provide treatment to sports injuries, trauma, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, congenital disorders, etc.
History of orthopedic for children
The term ‘orthopedic surgery’ had been coined way back in 1741 by Nicholas Andy. This word is derived from ‘orthros’ a Greek word meaning ‘correct’ or ‘straight’ and ‘paidion’ meaning ‘child’. It was in ‘Art of Correcting & Preventing Deformities Children’, his book that the term was first noticed. The book had been designed to assist parents to better understand the different malfunctions faced by children. Initially, this field had been geared towards finding and rectifying bone and spinal deformities suffered by children. Using of splinting, manipulation and exercise for treatment purpose was advocated by Andry.
Besides Andry, another notable person was Jean Andre Venel who had opened in 1780 among the initial orthopedic surgery institutes. The physicians associated there were dedicated and provided treatment to children suffering from skeletal deformities. Venel along with his qualified team helped devise different ways to provide treatment to spinal curvature. He also is credited with having the created the very first club shoe exclusively for children who suffered from foot malformations.
Until the 1800s, this practice was said to be limited to assist children. There were constantly developed new techniques for correcting spinal issues. The surgical procedures like percutaneous tenotomy had become popular to correct issues with the leg and foot. Orthopedic surgery in India has been modernized much to the satisfaction of patients.
Providing treatment to adults
The physicians during the early 1900s started to investigate the orthopedic treatment opportunities to be availed by adults and teens. Hugh Owen Thomas is the person who had developed the modern age orthopedics. He expanded the field with his keen interest in correcting fractures. Thomas Splint was developed for stabilizing broken bones and he advocated complete bed rest for proper healing of wounds and to stop spreading of infections. He also developed the Thomas Maneuver for helping patients with hip joint fractures. A test was performed to identify the deformity by making the patients to lie on the bed. Then, the ‘wrench’ method was used for reducing the fracture as well as to reset the bone.
Robert Jones his nephew made Thomas’s techniques mainstream and used Thomas Splint for reducing mortality rate associated with femur compound fractures. Gerhard Kuntcher, a German physician used intramedullary rods for fixing fractures in femur and tibia. Traction was used for repairing the damage. Since 1970s, orthopedic surgery began to evolve tremendously and today, orthopedics in India does boast of using common techniques like bone grafts and joint replacements for severe fractures, shoulder, foot, hand, ankle and elbow procedures. This medicine category also involves sports related injuries.